Horse Breeds

Learning about horse breeds is going to be one of my life's quests. After all, it's taken millions of years since the first primitive breed of horses have evolved into the magnificent and beautiful creatures they are now.


I want to know everything about them. Why some are called hot bloods, warm bloods, or cold bloods and which ones are classified as types or pure breds.

I also want to find out how each breed originated and how they developed their individual characteristic's like conformation, action and temperament. And how come certain horses have specific markings and colors?

I have a million questions to be answered about horses and my dad doesn't know all of the answers. He said there's too much to learn in one lifetime and it's up to me to study what interests me in the equestrian world...on my own journey of discovery.

My dad said there are over two hundred horse breeds in the world. So I've got a lot of learning to do. My favourite one's so far, are the Arabian, Appaloosa, Kaimanawa and Shetland pony.

Today's existing horse breeds are divided into three groups. The hot bloods, the cold bloods and the warm bloods. Ponies do not come into this classification.

There are more than 200 recognized breeds throughout the world. Many have their own breed societies, which keep registers or stud books listing certain horses or ponies.

Carefully and selectively bred for a specific purpose, these animals show clearly defined characteristics of the breed, including conformation, height, colour and action.

As well as the established breeds, there are a number of horses and ponies known as types, eg: Hunters, cobs, hacks and riding and polo ponies.

Hot bloods mainly originate from the Orient; the Arabian, the thoroughbred, the Anglo Arab, the Barb and from Russia originates the Akhal Teke and the Karabakh.

The Arab horse is considered one of the oldest and purest of the horse breeds, and carvings of them have been discovered in Egypt and the Middle East, dating back more than 1500 BC. The Caspian minature horse, is presumed to be it's ancestor.

The English Thoroughbred was originally established by crossing selected English bred mares, with three Arab stallions. The Darley Arabian, the Godophin Arabian and the Byerley Turk.

Cold bloods are the heavy Draught horses, the horses that usually do all the hard work, eg: The Clysdale, English Shire and the Schleswig, which was used in the Middle ages, to lug knights around, in full combat armour.

The warm bloods are a mixture of hot and cold, which include many popular competition horses, apart from the race horses which are all the sleek Thoroughbreds specifically bred for speed.

Amongst the best known warm bloods are: the Hanoverian, Trakehner, Holstein, Oldenburg and the Westphalian.

The warmblood with the longest recorded history however, is the Einsiedler of Switzerland bred continuously for over a thousand years at the Abbey of Einsiedeln near Zurich.



Timor Pony - NZ PPP Breed
 - The Timor ponies came to NZ mostly from Australia. The breed originated in the Netherlands (Holland) as a result of cross breeding Norwegian Fiord, English...

Cold-Blood Horses - Although cold-blood horses have the same body temperature as warm-blood horses, it is merely a reference to its typically calm, quiet and stable temperament...

Hackney Horses - Hackney Horses are also harness trotters, of an old British breed with much the same origins as racing trotters, but their brilliant, extravagant action...

The American Standardbred - The American Standardbred horse breed, of Thoroughbred type but sturdier, with a longer back and shorter legs and averaging 15.2 hands, is the outstanding...

Belgian Heavy Draft - The Belgian Heavy Draft, the modern representative of the old Flemish horse, has been bred in a number of American states since 1866 and now provides seventy...

Percherons - Another heavy horse breed especially prevalent in the U.S.A. and Canada, originated in the La Perche region of France, and are valued for their...

The British Shire - The British Shire, as befits his ancestry, is the largest, pure-bred horse in the world.

Clydesdale - Many horse breeds have a drop or two of Clydesdale, or of Shire or Suffolk blood in their veins, and these are some of the breeds of big powerful horses...

Thoroughbred - The Thoroughbred is a comparatively young horse breed that originated in England by the crossing of a few imported Arabian stallions with good Hunter mares.

The Barb - Akhal - Teke - The Turkoman - Barb horses are fast, light, desert animals which come from Algeria and Morocco, but lack the Arabian's distinctive characteristics. There are few true ...

The Arabian Horse - There are few breeds of horse or pony that have not at some time been improved with Arabian blood.

These lovely animals with their distinctive concave...

Palomino  - The metallic glint of a Palomino horse has perhaps the most attractive coloring of all.

In the fifteenth century these golden horses are said to have...

The Appaloosa - The Appaloosa is one of the most well known of the American spotted horse breeds, and this particular coloring was developed by the Nez Perce Indians, a...

The Quarter Horse  - A versatile American horse breed that is equally popular in Canada and Australia is the Quarter Horse, an old type used for Quarter Mile racing in the ...

The American Saddle - The American Saddle Horse, sometimes called the Kentucky Saddler, makes an excellent riding horse for most purposes, but is now bred chiefly for the show...

The Polish Breeds  - Other of the better known all purpose European Breeds are the Polish Poznan and Mazuren (originally Trakehner), and the Polish Arabs which are very carefully...

The Trakehner - The most popular German horse breeds are the Trakehners, which have been famous for their endurance and courage ever since the horses of the well known...

The Oldenburg - One of the horse breeds that was strengthened with Cleveland Bays is the Oldenburg, a German horse rather heavier than the Cleveland which was not available...

The Lipizzana - Another horse breed which penetrated over Europe in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries and to which many modern horses are related to, is the Lipizzana....

About Horse Breeds  - The many different horse breeds and types of horses recognized in the world today include giants weighing more than a ton, tiny animals less than a yard...